In my newsletter, I mentioned an online resource where you can create memes. There doesn’t seem to be a name for it, Here’s a public service announcement (PSA) from Seinfeld about the Coronavirus.
I am putting the blog on hiatus to focus on other things. One thing is I’ve experimented with a few videos uploaded to YouTube. I’m using scripts I wrote for a Podcast, which I still want to do. But after a few tries, it seems these videos are easier to crank out. That will leave me more time to work on fiction and prepare to release my ancient Rome novel. I’m looking at July right now. So the blog now will be a Vlog. So far, the episodes are part of a series I’m calling “Faith in a Time of Coronavirus.” Here are the links if you want to check them out.
The new title for my YouTube channel is Almost Ordained. You can view the channel here.
A comparison between the Coronavirus and the golden image of Daniel ch.apter 3. One is an idol. One is not. “Faith in a Time of Coronavirus” series.
1. Everyone knew where Nebuchadnezzar’s image was. Where is the Coronavirus image we are supposed to worship?
2. No one is worshiping the Coronavirus. Not in the US or anywhere in the world.
3. No one is commanded to bow down to the Coronavirus or an image of it.
4. If you didn’t bow down to Nebuchadnezzar’s image, what would the image do to you? Nothing. The king would have you thrown into a fiery furnace. But the image itself could do nothing. It had no life of its own. It had no power of its own. The only power it had was what people gave it through belief, superstition, law, or fear.
5. Does the Coronavirus have life and power of its own? Yes, it does. A virus of any kind is a living organism. Much simpler than a human, but it does have life of its own. It doesn’t need the government to give it power. It has power of its own to make you sick and kill you, no matter what the government or you say about it. That is how you know it is NOT an idol.
6. If you did not worship the image, what was the punishment? Death in a fiery furnace. That is persecution. If you don’t follow the rules of social distancing, what is the punishment? If you are caught, you might get a warning and a fine. If you are a repeat offender, they might put you in jail, though they’d probably rather not, since social distancing in a prison is already a challenge. No government official is handing out the death penalty for social distancing violations. That is not persecution. That is protecting the public health and promoting the general welfare, things the government is supposed to do.
7. Who or what would kill you in Daniel’s time if you failed to worship the idol? The government. Who or what will kill you if you catch the Coronavirus? The virus will make you sick and maybe kill you. If you have to go to the hospital, you’d better pray they have enough ventilators. Whatever the virus does to you, it’s all because of the virus. The government has nothing to do with it.
How the progress of Coronavirus is proving many so-called prophets don’t know what they are talking about. If we are to find encouragement from our faith, it has to be apart from them. “Faith in a Time of Coronavirus” series.
Sarah lived one hundred twenty-seven years; this was the length of Sarah’s life. And Sarah died at Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan; and Abraham went in to mourn for Sarah and to weep for her.
(Gen 23:1-2 NRS)
One hundred twenty-seven years, so Abraham is one
hundred thirty-six, and Isaac is thirty-six.
Kiriath-arba, named for Arba, the greatest of the Anakim (Gen 14:15). The last time we saw Abraham and Sarah in this area, Abraham hosted three angels before they went to Sodom (Genesis 18). This was when Sarah heard the angel of the LORD promise she would have a son and name him Isaac. Abraham was ninety-nine, and Sarah was ninety. They had moved to Beer-sheba by the time Isaac was born (Gen 20:1; 21:1). So it’s been thirty-six or thirty-seven years since then.
Though they have not been here in a while, the place has
some memories for them. Perhaps he came because he Sarah asked him to bury her
Find the Anachronism
Abraham rose up from beside his dead, and said to the Hittites, “I am a stranger and an alien residing among you; give me property among you for a burying place, so that I may bury my dead out of my sight.”
The Hittites answered Abraham, “Hear us, my lord; you are a mighty prince among us. Bury your dead in the choicest of our burial places; none of us will withhold from you any burial ground for burying your dead.”
(Gen 23:3-6 NRS)
The Hittites, a bit of a misnomer. The Hittites, like
the Philistines, did not show up here until several centuries later. The Hebrew
is literally “sons of Heth,” meaning “pre-Israelite inhabitants of Palestine”
(HC NRSV 23:3 note; see also 10:15). On the history of the Hittites in the region,
see Eze 16:3, 45.
I am a stranger and an alien residing among you. Kindness to the stranger and alien was always important to Abraham and his sense of right and wrong. Even Lot, who seems to have been corrupted by living among the Sodomites, never forgot that. My HarperCollins NRSV study note says “Ownership of burial land is a crucial step in establishing legal residence” (23:1-20 note). We are starting to see the of fulfillment of God’s promise to give the land of Canaan to Abraham’s descendants. Abraham has the well of Beer-sheba, and now the cave of Machpelah.
A Hero’s Welcome
Even though Abraham has not been there in decades, the sons
of Heth have not forgotten him. They speak to him with the same respect he
shows them. When Abraham rescued Lot from kidnappers, I wonder if some of their
children were among the others he rescued. That seems the most likely
explanation for calling him a mighty prince among us.
Bury my dead. He doesn’t say, “bury my wife.” The phrase
suggests a legal formula.
Abraham rose and bowed to the Hittites, the people of the land. He said to them, “If you are willing that I should bury my dead out of my sight, hear me, and entreat for me Ephron son of Zohar, so that he may give me the cave of Machpelah, which he owns; it is at the end of his field. For the full price let him give it to me in your presence as a possession for a burying place.”
Now Ephron was sitting among the Hittites; and Ephron the Hittite answered Abraham in the hearing of the Hittites, of all who went in at the gate of his city, “No, my lord, hear me; I give you the field, and I give you the cave that is in it; in the presence of my people I give it to you; bury your dead.”
(Gen 23:7-11 NRS)
Even though Ephron seems to know him well, Abraham speaks
almost as if he doesn’t recognize him. Entreat for me…, also suggests a
legal formula or ritual.
Abraham wanted the cave of Machpelah to bury his dead.
He knows Ephron son of Zohar owns this land. The names are Semitic, not
Hittite. Cf. 26:34; 2 Sa 11:3.
All who went in at the gate of the city, where business
transactions often took place. This is likely a formal description of the
elders of the city, who judged or decided official matters. The way they speak,
especially Abraham, sounds very formal, as if this were a familiar ceremony to
the sons of Heth.
Abraham offers to buy it for the full price, because
he needs a burying place. But instead, Ephron offers to give it to him.
He’s being very generous.
Listen to Me! No, You Listen to Me!
Then Abraham bowed down before the people of the land. He said to Ephron in the hearing of the people of the land, “If you only will listen to me! I will give the price of the field; accept it from me, so that I may bury my dead there.”
Ephron answered Abraham, “My lord, listen to me; a piece of land worth four hundred shekels of silver—what is that between you and me? Bury your dead.”
(Gen 23:12-15 NRS)
Business in the Middle East almost always involves haggling.
Usually the buyer tries to argue down the price, and the seller argues for
more. But here Abraham wants to pay more, and Ephron is trying to give it away.
Abraham wants to give the price of the field, so that I may bury my dead
there. Ephron says he can bury his dead there. But he doesn’t want to take
any money. “I give it to you,” he says. “Bury your dead.”
A piece of land worth four hundred shekels of silver…,
Ephron must be fairly wealthy, because four hundred pieces of silver was
nothing to sneeze at. It only took thirty pieces of silver for Judas to sell
What is that between you and me? This is something
you say to someone who has been a friend for a long time. He’s saying, “Four
hundred shekels of silver is nothing compared to our friendship. Just take it.
It’s yours. Bury your dead.”
An Agreement Is Reached
Abraham agreed with Ephron; and Abraham weighed out for Ephron the silver that he had named in the hearing of the Hittites, four hundred shekels of silver, according to the weights current among the merchants.
(Gen 23:16 NRS)
Abraham agreed, lit. heard. Cf. vv. 6, 11, 13; Translation Notes. Ephron was willing to give him the land for free, but Abraham still insisted on paying. This reminds me of the time when King David wanted to secure the Ark of the Covenant on Mount Zion. A man named Araunah was keeping it on his threshing floor. David wanted to buy the land to build an altar to the LORD and make burnt offerings there, before taking the Ark to the place God had chosen. Araunah recognized how important this was not just to David but to the whole nation. He offered his threshing floor to David for free, like Ephron did for Abraham. But David said,
“No, but I will buy them from you for a price; I will not offer burnt offerings to the LORD my God that cost me nothing.”
(2Sa 24:24 NRS)
I think Abraham felt the same way. He had been married to
Sarah for a hundred years, maybe a little more, and he did not want to bury her
in a place that cost him nothing.
So the field of Ephron in Machpelah, which was to the east of Mamre, the field with the cave that was in it and all the trees that were in the field, throughout its whole area, passed to Abraham as a possession in the presence of the Hittites, in the presence of all who went in at the gate of his city.
After this, Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field of Machpelah facing Mamre (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan. The field and the cave that is in it passed from the Hittites into Abraham’s possession as a burying place.
(Gen 23:17-20 NRS)
Abraham has secured a burying place for his wife and
himself. He will later be buried in the same cave (Gen 25:9-10; 49:29-32). And
he got more than just the cave. He got the trees in the field too. In
the last post, I talked about Abraham planting a tree. Here, he and Sarah
wanted to claim a burial plot with trees around them. I bet they appreciated
trees more than most people today, considering they spent a lot of time in the
desert. Trees gave beauty, shade, and sign of life in the land.
For Writers: Humanizing Your Heroes
This scene is great for humanizing Abraham. We see him grieving
the death of his wife. He knows exactly where he wants to bury her. The text
doesn’t say Sarah requested this, but it’s not hard to imagine she did. We see
his friendly relations with the people of Kiriath-arba. Though Abraham is a
stranger and an alien among the Sons of Heth, they regard him as “a mighty
prince among us.”
The text says, “He rose up from beside his dead” (23:3). He is
still keeping her corpse. I see no indication how long this is, but he goes
straight from a vigil beside her corpse to the sons of Heth. He says he wants
this place to bury Sarah “so that I may bury my dead out of my sight” (23:4). Do
you feel the pain in that? I sure do.
His negotiation with Ephron is the opposite of normal
bartering. The seller tries to give it away, but the buyer insists on paying
fair market value. But it is exactly the kind of negotiation that would happen
between friends. Ephron recognizes Abraham’s loss. He is in a position to offer
a special kindness to his friend. “You need to bury your wife, so go ahead.
Take the field. It’s yours. Don’t worry about payment. Between you and me, this
is nothing.” But Abraham can’t bring himself to accept it. He cannot bury his
wife in a plot of land that costs him nothing. It’s a very touching moment.
A mighty prince like Abraham of course becomes known for
doing great things. I think their favor and friendship to Abraham goes back to
the incident where Abraham rescued Lot from the kings of Goiim. Abraham was
actually living among the Oaks of Mamre nearby when this happened. I believe
some of these Sons of Heth were among those taken captive. That is why they
called him “a mighty prince.” And it’s possible that among them, his legend has
grown greater in his absence.
But heroes need some humanity for the audience to connect with
them. This is the kind of scene and humanization that will help your readers
connect with your characters.
Finding a Wife for Isaac
In the next chapter, Abraham finally gets around to finding
a wife for Isaac. It is a long chapter, so I’m going to start it in this post.
Isaac was thirty-six when Sarah died. Abraham still has not found a wife for him. He seems to be dragging his feet, considering how important it is to continue the bloodline of Isaac. I used to think the death of Sarah lit a fire under him to get moving—well, of course, give him time to mourn first—but it would be another four years before Abraham decided it was time to get his son hitched, so he could have a grandson (Gen 25:20). With the lifespans for Abraham and his family typically being in the mid- to late- hundreds, maybe this was not so unusual. And God gave Isaac to him and Sarah when they were in their nineties, so maybe he did not think about it much.
Now Abraham was old, well advanced in years; and the LORD had blessed Abraham in all things.
(Gen 24:1 NRS)
Abraham was old, well advanced in years. This could
be the reason. We are told later Isaac was forty, which would make Abraham one
hundred forty (Gen 25:20). If he was close to dying, that would explain why he
felt now was the time to find a wife for Isaac. He would want to be sure that
was taken care of before he was dead and buried. But he went on to live to one
hundred seventy-five (Gen 25:7). It doesn’t sound like he should be on his
death bed yet.
Under His Thigh? Blessed Be.
Abraham calls in his most trusted servant and charges him
with finding a wife for Isaac. He makes the servant swear in an unusual manner.
This is another example of how different cultural practices can make us
uncomfortable when we see them for the first time.
Abraham said to his servant, the oldest of his house, who had charge of all that he had, “Put your hand under my thigh and I will make you swear by the LORD, the God of heaven and earth,
(Gen 24:2-3a NRS)
Say what??? Put your hand under my thigh? That almost sounds like sexual harassment. But that is not what Abraham has in mind. My HarperCollins NRSV study note says “Near the organs of procreation, signifying the solemnity of the oath that follows.”
Abraham has some very specific ideas about the kind of woman
he wants for Isaac, so here’s the vow.
“…that you will not get a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I live, but will go to my country and to my kindred and get a wife for my son Isaac.”
(Gen 24:3b-4 NRS)
One requirement is he does not want Isaac to marry a Canaanite woman. The local girls aren’t right for his son. The servant has to go to my country and to my kindred and get a wife for my son Isaac.” He does not want a shiksa for a daughter-in-law. I have a feeling, if Sarah were alive, she would say the same thing. Remember how George explained “shiksappeal” to Elaine in this scene from Seinfeld, the “Serenity Now” episode?
His country could be in Ur of the Chaldees or Mesopotamia in general. But when he says he wants the servant to go to his kindred and get a wife for Isaac, that means going to Haran, where his brother Nahor still lived. The Hebrew word for kindred (moledeth) refers specifically to a blood relative, so he wants a woman from his brother’s family. Remember, Abraham was married to his half-sister, Sarah. The woman the servant would bring back would most likely be Isaac’s cousin. This kind of incestuous marriage would later be forbidden in the Law of Moses. But to Abraham and his family, marrying within the family appeared to be not only accepted but preferred.
The servant said to him, “Perhaps the woman may not be willing to follow me to this land; must I then take your son back to the land from which you came?”
Abraham said to him, “See to it that you do not take my son back there. The LORD, the God of heaven, who took me from my father’s house and from the land of my birth, and who spoke to me and swore to me, ‘To your offspring I will give this land,’ he will send his angel before you, and you shall take a wife for my son from there. But if the woman is not willing to follow you, then you will be free from this oath of mine; only you must not take my son back there.”
So the servant put his hand under the thigh of Abraham his master and swore to him concerning this matter.
(Gen 24:5-9 NRS)
Abraham seems to have conflicting desires for his son. He
does not want Isaac to take a wife among the people where he lives. However, he
does not want Isaac going back to their country, where an acceptable wife could
be found. So he sends his servant to go without Isaac and entrusts the choice
to the LORD, the God of heaven.
He trusts God with this, because God was the one who took
me from my father’s house and from the land of my birth and … swore to me, ‘To
your offspring I will give this land.’ That explains why he does not want
Isaac to go there himself. They were already in the land God promised them. There
is no place in the kingdom of heaven for those who, after beginning to follow
the LORD, turn back to where they were before.
[The LORD] will send his angel before you. The
servant has been around his master long enough to know he is a prophet (Gen
20:7), so that should make him feel better about his prospects for success.
However, the servant recognizes he could make the journey, find a woman
suitable for Isaac, and she could still veto his choice. Abraham tells him if
that happens, he is off the hook as far as this vow goes. Apparently, even in
this patriarchal society, the woman did have some control over who she married.
In that case, Abraham will have to come up with a plan B.
What will happen to the servant when he gets to Haran? Will he
find a wife suitable for Isaac? Will she agree to leave her country and kindred
and go back with the servant? Will she marry Isaac sight unseen and become part
of the bloodline of the Messiah? Tune in next week and find out, same Bat-time,
same Bat-channel. (Or, to state the obvious, you could read the rest of Genesis
Oak of Mamre (Quercus calliprinos), called a Palestinian
Oak, the most common tree in the modern nation of Israel. Sometimes mistakenly
translated “terebinth,” which is actually a different tree.
“In the Bible, oaks were associated with power, strength, or longevity in the sense of long life. The great oaks of Mamre symbolized Abraham’s long life. A Palestinian oak near Hebron, called Abraham’s Oak, is thought to be over 850 years old.”
Kiryat Arba or Qiryat
lit. “Town of the Four.”
Arba in Hebrew is “four.” It is also the name of the father of Anak, founder of the Anakim. Anak, who was believed to have been a giant, had three sons, Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai, also believed to have been giants (Jos 15:13-14). If Arba here means “four,” then this could mean the town of the four giants. Or it could refer to the four patriarchs who are buried there: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Adam. Adam’s placement here does not come from the Bible but from a Rabbinic tradition called the Zohar.
“Abraham agreed with Ephron” (Gen 23:16 NRS). וַיִּשְׁמַ֣ע (WTT). qal waw consecutive masculine singular. Halladay gives one possible translation as “heed,” which matches “agree with” in this translation.
1. hear: abs. Is 12; w. acc.: s.one speak Gn 276, voice 310, trumpet Je 419 … listen to s.one Ez 37; w. acc. of thing (content of message) Ps 1326; w. kî 2S 1126; w. indir. qn. Ju 711; w. dir. qn. w/o introduction Dt 92; — 2. listen to s.thg Am 523, abs. Gn 275; listen (& agree) 238; w. °el Is 463, … Pr 834; … gladly hear 2S 1936; — 3. heed (a request) Gn 1720; 306, … 1611; — 4. hear > obey Ex 247;… Gn 2218, … 287; abs. be obedient 2K 1411; — 5. hear = understand: obj. … Gn 117; … — 6. š¹ma± bên try, examine (as a judge) Dt 116; distinguish 2S 1417.